The Path to Vietnam's Welfare System Sustainability

Current State and Challenges




Government, Economic and Social Welfare, Vietnam, Well-being, Wellfare


This research paper examines the Vietnamese welfare system, concentrating on its distinctive characteristics shaped by cultural influences, demographic demands, and the country's developmental trajectory. The four elements of Vietnam's social protection system are employment and guaranteed minimum income, social insurance, social assistance, and basic social amenities. The importance of cultural practices, such as street vending, in combating poverty and providing affordable food options cannot be overstated. However, the welfare system's sustainability confronts obstacles, such as low pension coverage, financial viability, an early retirement age, and limited participant benefits. The report suggests increasing pension coverage, enhancing financial viability, re-evaluating the retirement age, enhancing benefits, and bolstering social welfare programs. The purpose of these recommendations is to resolve obstacles and improve the sustainability of Vietnam's welfare system.

Author Biography

Jan Vrba, Faculty of Administration and Economic Studies in Uherské Hradiště, Akademia Jagiellońska w Toruniu

Researcher focusing on social systems and welfare systems in the World, their economics and sustainability, business, management and economics. Expertise in East Asian and South East Asian Countries.




How to Cite

Vrba, J. (2023). The Path to Vietnam’s Welfare System Sustainability: Current State and Challenges. International Journal of Public Administration, Management and Economic Development, 8(1), 130–137.